"Working through Platforms"

In response to the growing importance of platform based work and the accompanying challenges, the professional conference "Arbeiten auf Plattform" was held in Berlin on the 6th of December, 2018. Personal and staff council representatives, union representatives scientists and politicians all discussed their experiences with the platform based work at the conference, which was organized by ver.di and IG Metall. The IAAEU was also represented by Dominik Leist and Dr. Thomas Klein. In a poster-session, Dominik Leist presented a portion of his dissertation on possibilities for collective articulation of interests by platform workers.

foto berlin

Dr. Thomas Klein (left) and Domik Leist
Copyright photo: Christian Jungeblodt

BMAS Professional Workshop "Social Protection for the Self-Employed – the development of new criteria for accessibility" – Moderated by Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Monika Schlachter

As part of the Dialogue for the Future "New Work – New Security" on the 29th of November 2018, the German Federal Ministry for Labour and Social Affairs hosted a professional workshop on the topic "Social Protection for the Self-Employed – the development of new criteria for accessibility". The topic has won increasing political relevance against the backdrop of an increasing number of self-employed and solo-self-employed persons and the lacklustre social protection to which they have access. Experts and scientists from Germany and from abroad took part in the workshop which was moderated by Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Monika Schlachter. Among the topics discussed was how planning and legal certainty can be improved in practice. In addition, models for including the self-employed statutory pension insurance were proffered. Along with Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Monika Schlachter, Dr. Thomas Klein also participated in the workshop.

Guest researcher Dr. Clemens Buchen

From the 26th to the 29th of November, 2018, Dr. Clemens Buchen was guest researcher at the IAAEU. He is a post-doc researcher at the Chair of Management and Economics at the EBS University. Dr. Clemens Buchen worked with Dr. Alberto Palermo to develop a model able to disentagle the effects of interrelated incentives on team-production outcomes in organizations.

Broader, farther, smarter

Much like the ancient Olimpians who collected trophies from competitions, IAAEU economists used the summer to collect merit badges from numerous conferences: we have been to 29 different events, vast majority of them international and widely recognized. In these events we have presented 19 different studies.
The first merit badge was for networking. Sven Hartmann disseminated broadly his xenophobia research, which was all the more relevant given the rising interest in this topic. Gabriel Schultze interacted with people who specialize in working with SOEP data. The whole team encouraged collaboration with IAAEU staff and invited to present papers in our seminar series, especially Alberto Palermo, the coordinator of the seminar.
The second merit badge was for furthering the understanding of our research fields. Konstantin Homolka had the pleasure to interact with Martin Dufwenberg to advance his work on cheating. Sven Hartmann discussed economics of xenophobia with Simon Gaechter.
The third merit badge is for broadening of the perspectives. Each of the events had a different audience – from theory and industrial organization (e.g. EARIE), through institutional economics (e.g. SIOE), personnel economics (e.g. WK Personnel Workshop), labor economics (e.g. EALE) to general interest events (e.g. EEA). We also went to specialized workshops (e.g. behavioral and experimental economics, business administration). If you present one study to such diverse audiences, you are bound to receive broad and inspiring comments, even if they are from outside the current scope of work. For example, Alberto Palermo received comments to his work on family firms from theorists, personnel scholars and labor economists. Laszlo Goerke interacted with both specialized audiences and general interest participants to discuss his work on product market imperfections and labor market design.
The fourth merit badge is for learning the new things. Joanna Tyrowicz was particularly stunned by the keynote address of Sascha O. Becker on forced migration. Jonas Feld and Konstantin Homolka appreciated greatly the hints for young scholars on how to develop research projects, network, and improve clarity of presentations. Presenting to rooms packed with audience – as was the case for xenophobia talk by Sven Hartmann during his EEA session, is also a skill worth acquiring.
Given this breadth of experiences, no wonder even injuries did not prevent us from travelling thousands of kilometers to experience all that. Looking forward to the summers to come!

Presentation: "The role of new intermediaries in negotiating labour conditions for the solo self-employed"

On Wednesday the 14th of November, 2018, Jun.-Prof. Dr. Caroline Ruiner presented her newest research in a guest lecture titled "The role of new intermediaries in negotiating labour conditions for the solo self-employed". Referring to the results of the research project "Collective Individualisation – Individual Collectivisation?", she discussed the role that new intermediaries, such as agencies and cooperatives, play in negotiating the labour conditions for the highly qualified solo self-employed. Using examples from three exemplary occupational groups, she illuminated which aspects of labour conditions are negotiated by these intermediaries and with which frequency. Finally, she explored the effects of these developments can have on labour markets and on the labour conditions of non-self-employed. The presentation was concluded with an interesting, demonstrative discussion.

Ruiner1 Ruiner2 Ruiner3

Impressions of the presentation

Dr. Benjamin Schwanebeck guest at the IAAEU

From the 12th to the 15th of November, 2018, Dr. Benjamin Schwanebeck was guest researcher at the IAAEU. He is post-doc researcher at the Chair of Economics, specifically International Economics, at the Fernuniversität Hagen. Together with Dr. Marco de Pinto, Dr. Schwanebeck worked on the development of a new research project. In this project, the macroeconomic consequences of labour market imperfections are analysed with explicit consideration of different financial restrictions in interaction with heterogeneous companies.

International Workshop "Team Dynamics and Peer Effects" on November 9th und 10th, 2018

On November 9th and 10th, 2018 the economic work group of the IAAEU along with the Chair of Personnel Economics of Trier University hosted a workshop concerning "team dynamics and peer effects". The main focus of the workshop was issues regarding behavior and decision making in teams. Additionally, examinations that explored the change in performance of workers when their work process was not isolated, but in the presence of others, were presented. Building on the influence others have on individual performance, Julia Müller (University of Münster) and her co-author investigated the classic measurement problem of isolating individual performance in teams. Christian Grund (RWTH Aachen University) presented a research project in which the real-world subjects' productivity was influenced by innovative virtual technology while they were competing with digital avatars. Together with his two co-authors he showed that the mere presence of an avatar already increases productivity, with other factors having negligible effects. Following a number of fascinating presentations, an evening program, which was linked directly to the topic of modern work development, took place: In »»generator 2018 Andrea Diederichs guided our guests through the exhibition "Marx and Digital Capitalism". During this tour, the participants could, with the help of artistic impulses, reflect on the diverse research projects that had been presented.
In total, eleven researchers presented their findings during the workshop. The IAAEU and Trier University were represented by two projects. We are happy that we could enable researchers to meet and engage in scholarly exchange once again. Moreover, we want to thank Trier University for supporting the workshop financially through the intramural research funding. You can find more information regarding the workshop here.

Collage Workshop 11 15a

Impressions of the workshop

IAAEU Researchers visit the Luxemburg Central Bank's Labour Market Workshop

Two IAAEU researchers, Jonas Feld and Gabriel Schultze, took part in the Labour Market Workshop held by the Central Bank of Luxemburg on the 25th and 26th of October, 2018. The goal of the workshop was to encourage exchange between labour market economists from Luxemburg and its neighboring countries. Jonas Feld presented his findings on the effects of national minimum wages on inner-European labour migration and showed that labour migration regions avoid raises to the minimum wage. Gabriel Schultze presented a research project on the connection between union membership and overtime. His study showed that union members in Germany work about three quarters less over-time per week. In addition to seeing many acquaintances from the Greater Region Research Network, new connections were made with international researchers. Feel free to contact the researchers with any questions about their projects.

Joanna Tyrowicz's research visit at the IOS

In October Joanna Tyrowicz stayed at the Leibniz Institute for East and Southeast European Studies (IOS) Regensburg within the Visiting Scholars Program. Joanna's interest relate to labor market inequality, in particular in a comparative context. She has analyzed the patterns of female barriers in employment (a study forthcoming in Social Science Research) as well as consequences of labor market shocks for gender wage inequality. Her new project, commenced in Regenesburg, relates working time flexibility to gender wage inequality. According to Claudia Goldin (2014), wage gap due to gender is a phenomenon of the past. Goldin argued in her AEA 2014 presidential address, giving examples of several occupations, that the gap between men and women follows from the ability to supply labor with flexibility in terms of working time and timing. Occupations where the employers' demand for flexibility was reduced, due to e.g. change in technology of production, have observed low and declining gender wage gaps (adjusted and raw). This formulation is supported by a recent overview by Blau & Kahn (2017), who argue that the unadjusted gaps in wages between men and women have declined in the US due to a closing gap in educational attainment and change in the occupational structure of the economy. Also Ngai & Petrongolo (2017) argue in a stylized simulation model setting that the rise of the service economy could be a powerful equalizing force if women have a comparative advantage in the rising sector. This recent literature reorients the concept of gender wage gap viewed as discrimination to a one, where observed gender wage gaps after adjusting for individual characteristics are merely a consequence of omitted variable bias or a systematic measurement error related to inadequate tackling of the working time flexibility wage gap. This reorientation of the empirical literature need not be adequate for countries other than the US. Few countries have implemented equal opportunity legislation to the same extent as the US and in few other countries the decline in the adjusted gender wage gaps has been keeping up with the pace observed in the US. In fact, in a meta-analysis for a wide selection of countries Weichselbaum & Winter-Ebmer (2011) find that the decline in the scope of the adjusted gender wage gap appears at a rate of approximately 0.15% per year. Given that the average adjusted gap in the advanced economies is in excess of 10%, wage equality seems like a distant perspective. Eastern and South-Eastern Europe are especially interesting cases, because adjusted gender wage gaps are among the highest there and do not seem to decline at all. Baltic states and the Balkan countries report adjusted gender wage gaps of as much as 40%. Also employment gaps are not declining (although these were lower in level terms than in the Western European countries). In her new project, Joanna wants to take seriously the hypothesis of the working time flexibility and inquire its validity in the context of countries characterized by high labor market inequality in terms of gender.

Ruling on the ban on civil servant strikes

The German Federal Constitutional Court ruled on the 12th of June 2018 that civil servants do not have the right to strike. Dr. Thomas Klein (academic advisor at the IAAEU) has given this decision a great deal of attention and come to the conclusion that the court's argument for this decision failed to attend to, or more specifically, gave too little weight to central aspects of the case. In particular, the constitutional right of civil servants to free association was given too little weight. Furthermore, the court’s interpretation of the European Court of Human Rights decision was also open to critique. An objection from the court in Strasbourg would, therefore, have a serious chance at success. Dr. Klein’s discussion of the decision was published in band 10/2018 of the Journal "Arbeit und Recht" (AuR 2018, 479-484).

The Future of Labour Law

On the 19th of September, 2018, a conference on "The Future of Labour Law" took place in Miskolc, Hungary. After the Hungarian Minister of Finance opened the conference, renowned scholars and union representatives from Germany, Austria and Hungary gave talks. The conference was organized by the University of Miskloc and supported by the Hungarian Ministry of Finance as well by the European Union. Prof. Schlachter gave a presentation on the topic "Bargaining collectively for self-employed service providers – EU-law under the influence of international law".

Monika 2

Prof. Monika Schlachter as a speaker

New Monograph from Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Monika Schlachter

A new monograph, M. Mironi/ M. Schlachter: Regulating strikes in essential services – a comparative "law in action" perspective, Wolters Kluwer 2018, has been published. It is the result of the IAAEU comparative legal studies project "Strikes in Essential Services", which has been underway since 2016. The monograph includes reports on industrial action rights in 14 different countries, a report on the common regulatory framework on international labour law as well as a final chapter on comparative legal issues. It showcases the product of the German-Israeli-Foundation’s (GIF) financial support for the project to the public at large. Please find further information and the structure of the work here.

Labour Market Effects of Unions – On the role of unevenly distributed union power

IAAEU economist Dr. Marco de Pinto and Prof. Dr. Jochen Michaelis from the University of Kassel recently published a study on the effects of unions on labour markets in the journal Economic Modelling. In their theoretical model, the authors started from the empirically validated observation that a union's bargaining power is decisively dependent on firm productivity. Analyzing a general improvement of union's bargaining strength (e.g. through increased right to strike), they find that the implied rise in unemployment is smaller than in the reference case of uniform bargaining power across all firms. The heterogeneity of bargaining power thus lowers, ceteris paribus, unemployment. Beyond that, the authors discussed the labour market effects of trade liberalization. When unions for highly productive firms are particularly strong (weak), trade liberalisation increases (decreases) unemployment.

New Study on the Employment Effects of Collective Agreements

In English-speaking countries, the employment growth in firms where unions have influence over pay and working conditions is much lower than in firms without collective wage bargaining. Because collective bargaining in these countries tends to take place at plant level, the results of studies concerning these conditions cannot be easily generalised for application to other countries. Laszlo Goerke (Trier) and Tobias Brändle (Tübingen) have now examined if there is a connection between commitment to collective agreements and employment in Germany. In Germany, about 50% of employees are paid according to sector-wide collective agreements and a further 10% fall under plant-level agreements. As a result, the consequences of the observed connection between collective agreements and employment effects in Great Britain and the USA would be of a much higher magnitude for economy-wide employment in Germany than in countries with fewer commitments to collective agreements.

In their study, which was recently published in the Scottish Journal of Political Economy, the authors show that the employment growth for companies with collective agreements is lower than for those without them in Germany as well. The effect is, however, much less pronounced. In addition, the authors find no differences between sector-wide and plant-level collective agreements. They then examine if the collective agreements are the actual cause of lower employment growth. And while Laszlo Goerke and Tobias Brändle were not able to completely answer that question, their results indicate that the collective agreements are not likely to be the root for differing developments. It seems instead to be the case that companies with lower employment growth levels tend to have adopted collective agreements while those with higher employment growth have not. Accordingly, the study does not provide evidence supporting the claim that the decline in collective agreements is the reason for the currently positive employment trends. The study has also been published in the IAAEU Discussion Paper 01/15.

New Publication: Labor reallocation and demographics, Journal of Comparative Economics

Joanna Tyrowicz and her co-authors discuss the mechanics behind the labor market reallocation and structural change in economies undergoing a transition from central planning to a market economy. We find is that these economies were really standard markets, even during the early years of transition. Yes, massive layoffs and public sector collapsing, but this was just like a regular crisis to the labor markets, not a specific transition crisis. The labor market flows and the mechanics of structural change are such that rather than worker flows between jobs (from collapsing to newly emerging), there is a generational exchange. A worker, dismissed from an old-style job in an old-style industry, is more likely to find a similar job than to find a job in the new part of the economy. Meanwhile, graduates, with no prior experience, go where the new sectors of the economy grow: new firms and new jobs. By consequence, majority of the change in the structure of employment is not because workers flew from old to new sector, but because older workers left the labor markets and young workers entered not in their shoes. This finding is supported by the analysis of the labor market flows for 27 transition countries with the use of the novel Life in Transition Survey, developed by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. This data covers the labor market biographies of individuals as far back as to 1989, asking about education, job changes as well as many characteristics of the employers. Our study compares the role of the demographic flows to the ones theorized in transition literature, such as flows between SOEs and private sector (Aghion and Blanchard model of 1994) and the flows between sun-setting and sun-rising sectors (a number of models by Cabaillero and Hammour from mid 1990s). We find that majority of the change in the employment structure did not follow the theoretical prescriptions of either of these models. It is thus likely that the labor market policies were insufficient in scale to effectively facilitate the worker reallocation in the ways previewed by reallocation models. This holds despite the fact that most transition countries adjusted substantially labor market structure in terms of ownership and industry composition in a relatively short period of time. It also appears that a substantial number of workers in transition countries may have considered retirement benefits as safety nets in the expectation of becoming non-employed rather than as a consequence of experiencing redundancy. These early exits have relieved the downward pressure on wages by the job-seekers and permanently increased the non-wage employment costs, hence hindering the job creation.

New Publication: Does Age Exacerbate the Gender-Wage Gap? New Method and Evidence From Germany, 1984–2014, Feminist Economics

This analysis seeks to understand the changes in the gender wage gap as women age. Our research indicates that with age, gender differences in conditional wages grow; though this widening of the gap appears to be non-monotonic. The adjusted wage gap grows the fastest when women turn 30, possibly explained by intensified caring activities. This evidence is consistent with existing attempts to explain wage inequality; however, we also observe that the wage gap increases in the post reproductive age, which presupposes a challenge to human capital literature. In terms of policy implications, the fact that gender wage gap adjusted for individual characteristics continues to grow also in the post-reproductive age, hints that at various stages of career different instruments may be needed to mitigate the gender labor market inequality. At younger ages, linking maternity benefits to previous employment earnings, increasing the availability of childcare facilities and encouraging more equal split of the child rearing between men and women might help to reduce the unexplained wage gap. However, in older age groups, such instrument may be insufficient. Notably, addressing gender wage gap among older workers could also help to increase female labor market participation on later stages of their life, thus helping to mitigate the costs of an ageing workforce.

How many consecutive days of work are allowed by union law?

The working-hours directive stipulates in Art. 5 that a minimum of 24 hours rest per 7 days must be provided, in addition to the daily periods of rest. In the case C- 306/16 ("Maio Marques da Rosa / Varzim Sol - Turismo, Jogo e Animação, SA"), the European Court of Justice grappled with this provision for the first time. In this case, the court understood the provision to mean that the weekly period of rest need not necessarily follow 6 days of work, thus finding that, even beyond the exceptions in the directive, 12 consecutive days of work are admissible under union law. This interpretation has been called into question by Dominik Leist in a new study that finds the court’s decision failed to adequately honour the health policy dimensions of labour law. Furthermore, the European Court of Justice only partially examined the questions raised by the case and, in particular, failed to perform the required operationalisation of the term "7 day period", thereby omitting the resulting perspectives from their analysis. The whole contribution from Dominik Leist was published and can be found in the Zeitschrift für europäisches Sozial- und Arbeitsrecht (ZESAR), Issue 08/2018, pp. 338-341.

Virtual Employment in the Context of a Changing World of Work

In a contribution for the Neue Zeitschrift für Sozialrecht (NZS), Alexander Schneider (IAAEU researcher) and Dr. Thomas Spitzlei (Academic Councillor and Post-Doctoral Candidate under the Professorial Chair of Prof. Dr. Timo Hebeler, University of Trier) examine virtual employment in the case of workplace accident compensation as covered by § 2 Abs. 2 S. 1 SGB VII in the context of a changing world of work. The status of virtual employment is determined through four criteria which were established in the Federal Social Court of Germany in 1957: the following must apply for the bespoken employment (1.) the work must seriously serve the interests of an external company, (2.) in accordance with the actual or suspected purpose of said company (3.) that would otherwise be attended to by persons who are professionally or personally dependent upon said company, whereby (4.) the work can take place under conditions that are similar to that of a normal employment relationship. The fourth condition requires of the work which led to the accident that it be a position available to the general labour market. The authors explain why the "general labour market" condition, as stipulated in § 2 Abs. 2 S. 1 SGB VII, is no longer appropriate in a modernised world of work. Argumentative contradictions are shown in the judgements on cases concerning dog-sitting and riding animals. Furthermore, concerns about the constitutional legitimacy of the settlement practices are made. The authors are of the opinion that the fourth criterion must, in light increasing complexity in the world of work, be abandoned. The article (NZS 2018, 633 – 638) can be read under beck-online.

Research Cooperation with Dr. Ulrich Zierahn
From the 23rd to the 25th of July, 2018, Dr. Ulrich Zierahn was active as a guest researcher at the IAAEU. He is a Senior Researcher at ZEW. During his stay Mr. Zierahn worked together with Dr. Marco de Pinto on the joint third-party funded project "Local labour markets - The causes and consequences of spatial differences in labour market outcomes across cities in France and Germany". Here, the researchers are investigating the reallocation of the workforce due to increasing international interdependence.

Labour Law Practitioners' Seminar 2018
On the 19th and 20th of July, 2018, this year's labour law practitioners' seminar took place at the Federal Social Court of Germany in Kassel under the leadership Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Monika Schlachter. The seminar was opened by attorney at law Rolf-Christian Otto, who held a presentation on the reimbursement of worker’s council members. Following that, Dr. Thomas Klein spoke about the new legislation being planned in the coalition agreement concerning fixed term contracts, examined their constitutionality and presented his own suggestion for implementing the planned changes. The seminar was closed by Dominik Leist with a presentation on collective contracts for platform employees. In his presentation he highlighted constitutional and civil legal issues surrounding the regulation of collective unions of crowdworkers and discussed the use of European and national cartel prohibition laws.

Project-Workshop "Crowdsourcing as a New Form of Labour Organisation"

On Thursday the 12th of July, the IAAEU together with researchers from the University of Bremen hosted the Project-Workshop "Crowdsourcing as a New Form of Labour Organisation" in the institute's Max-Weber-Room. The goal of the workshop was the interdisciplinary examination of current questions surrounding crowdsourcing, from both economic and legal perspectives. The workshop was opened by Dr. Thomas Klein with his lecture "An Introduction to the Legal Problem of Minimum Wage for Crowdworkers de lege ferenda". In his talk, Dr. Klein first described the legal framework for arrangement model behind the contractual relationship into which crowdworkers enter in order to ascertain, in a second step, if current legal provisions would support the minimum wage for crowdworkers. Following that, Lisa Nagel presented her work on the question "Does Group Identification Affect the Performance of Crowdworkers?", whereby she studied whether a crowdworker’s identification with their platform influences work performance. Katrin Treppschuh examined four different US and British court decisions to determine the place of crowdworkers in their respective legal systems in her presentation "The Crowdworkers’ Legal Status in US American and British Jurisprudence". The first part of the workshop was closed by Eliza Stenzhorn’s presentation "How does Platform Design and Competition Affect the Welfare Distribution among Crowdworkers, Crowdsourcers and Platforms?", in which she studied the transferability of an crowdworker’s online reputation between platforms and the advantages and disadvantages associated with them. The second day of the workshop was opened by Dominik Leist with his contribution "Collective Contracts for Platform Employees". He described simple legal and constitutional rulings on crowdworker collective associations and investigated what role European monopoly laws could play in that context. The workshop was closed by Dr. Lars Hornuf with his presentation on the topic "Crowdsourced Innovation: How Community Managers Affect Crowd Activities". The individual presentations concluded with in-depth discussions among the workshop participants.

  IMG 7887         IMG 7891         IMG 7896  

Impressions of the workshop


Are workers and trade unions allowed to strike on company premises?
Workers demonstrating with flags and posters in front of a factory gate - images that many associate with a strike. But are trade unions and employees allowed to use the employer's premises at all for this purpose or can the employer prohibit the use with reference to his domestic authority? This question is the subject of a current study by Dr. Thomas Klein, published in the May issue of the journal Arbeit und Recht (p. 216 ff.). Klein concludes that the employer's domiciliary right must withdraw from the union's right to strike if the use of the company premises is necessary for communication with employees and the interests of the employer are not unduly affected. This can be assumed, for example, if the premises are extensive and communication with the employees at the entrance to the site is not possible. The union's pickets should then, for example, address workers at the company car park and inform them about the strike and the strike targets. Against the background of currently pending appeals at the Federal Labour Court concerning ver.di's strike measures on Amazon's premises, the study has a high degree of practical relevance.

International law binding character of the rulings of the ILO monitoring committees

On the 23rd of April, 2018, the IAAEU invited Hendric Stolzenberg LL.M. Eur., research assistant at the Institute for Civil and Business Law at the Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, to give a lecture at the Institute. He spoke on the topic Binding International Law of the Proceedings of the ILO Monitoring Committees". The event ended with a discussion of around 20 participants.


20FF663A A3B8 4AFB B09A 85819C6217B0

Hendric Stolzenberg in front of the participants

Workshop on Labour Economics 2018 at the IAAEU

On the 13th and 14th of April 2018, the 10. Workshop on Labour Economics of the Economic Working Group at the IAAEU took place. Compared to the previous year, the already high number of submissions was exceeded once again, with almost 80 papers suitable for presentations - a clear indicator of the increasing awareness and relevance of the conference among labour market economists in Germany and Europe. Around 35 scientists from all over Europe and China were selected from all submissions to present their current research results in numerous parallel and poster sessions. In terms of content, the submissions focused primarily on the optimal design of labour market institutions, for example, how strict the protection against dismissal should be, or which characteristics should form an optimal unemployment insurance system. Max Friese from the University of Rostock addressed the question of whether unemployment insurance is efficient, if it diversifies its risk over large geographical areas - in other words, whether, for example, it makes sense to have joint unemployment insurance for all EU states. The research questions of Mario Bossler and Duncan Roth - both from the IAB in Nuremberg - and Karsten Staehr from the University of Tallinn are also highly topical in political terms; all three authors examined the labour market and employment effects of minimum wages in different ways. Moderate changes in the level of a minimum wage seem to have negligible effects on employment, but at the same time, minimum wages can effectively compensate wage inequality. Once again this year, the workshop was promoted by the special support of young scientists: About half of the invited scientists are currently in the doctoral phase and are therefore particularly dependent on expert advice and feedback from established senior researchers. At this point, the workshop continues each year and provides each young researcher with an experienced research mentor. Following his own presentation, this mentor critically discusses and questions the research, but also appreciates it. "I have only received so many new implications for my own research at a few conferences so far," said the doctoral student Max Friese from the University of Rostock, for example, where the contribution of his discussant led to a lively discussion with the other participants of the lecture. This year's IAAEU Best Paper Award went to Laura Khoury, a PhD student from the Paris School of Economics. In her working paper entitled "Unemployment Benefits and the Timing of Dismissals: Evidence from Bunching at a Notch in France", she shows that it can be effective for certain workers and companies in France to register temporarily unemployed and receive unemployment benefits. This incentive is particularly attractive to certain groups of highly qualified people. The aim of the French unemployment insurance system of primarily financing low-skilled workers on a transitional basis and enabling them to return to work quickly is therefore being opposed and needs to be reformed. We thank all participants of this year's workshop and look forward to a further exchange and especially a reunion at the Workshop on Labour Economics 2019 in Trier next year.


Impressions of the Workshop

Hugo Sinzheimer Prize 2017 for Dr. Thomas Klein
On March 22nd, 2018, Dr. Thomas Klein was awarded the Hugo Sinzheimer Prize 2017. The prize, dedicated to the jurist Hugo Sinzheimer, is awarded annually by the Hugo Sinzheimer Institute for Labor Law (HSI) in Frankfurt am Main for outstanding dissertations on labor law completed at a German-speaking university. The prizewinner was selected by a jury comprising Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Ulrich Preis (University of Cologne), Prof. Dr. Marlene Schmidt (Director Hugo Sinzheimer Institute) and Prof. Dr. Bernd Waas (Goethe University Frankfurt am Main). The prize was awarded to Dr. Thomas Klein's dissertation on the topic "The right to collective bargaining and strike for civil servants in privatised companies using the example of postal successor companies", which was written between 2013 and 2016 under the supervision of Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Monika Schlachter and published by Nomos Verlag in 2017. In his laudation, Prof. Dr. Jens Schubert (Leuphana Universit) acknowledged the outstanding scientific achievements of the work, which made an important contribution to the current discussion on the right to strike by civil servants. The award ceremony took place as part of the annual Sinzheimer Lecture at the Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main.


K1600 TK HSI Preis

f.l.t.r. Prof. Dr. Antoine T.J.M. Jacobs (Tilburg University), Dr. Johannes Heuschmid (HSI), Dr. Thomas Klein,
Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Monika Schlachter, Dr. Daniel Hlava (HSI), Prof. Dr. Jens Schubert (Leuphana University Lüneburg)

Excursion to the European Court of Justice, Luxembourg
On February 27th, 2018, the Chair of Public Law, International Law and European Law of Prof. Dr. Alexander Proelß, the Chair of German and Foreign Public Law, Constitutional Church Law and International Law of Prof. Dr. Alexander Proelß, held a conference on the topic of "International Law of the Church". Dr. Antje von Ungern-Sternberg, M.A. and the IAAEU legal team of Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Monika Schlachter took an excursion to the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg. The educational trip was aimed at students and doctoral candidates of the Faculty of Law at the University of Trier. The visit to the ECJ focused on participation in the hearing in the IR case (C-468/17). The interpretation of the Anti-Discrimination Directive 2000/78/EC in relation to the German provision of § 9 AGG, which allows the religious communities in Germany to permit unequal treatment in employment/occupation on the basis of religion or ideology according to their own self-conception, was discussed. The case was referred to the ECJ for a preliminary ruling by the German Federal Labour Court. In preparation for the oral hearing, Dr. Thomas Klein and Prof. Dr. Antje von Ungern-Sternberg, M.A. gave an introduction to the relevant aspects of labour law, constitutional law, international law and European law at the lecture at the court hearing at Trier University.

K800 EuGH Exkursion Teilnehmer

Participants of the excursion at the ECJ





The health suitability as a prerequisite for access to the civil service for life?
On the 14th of December, 2017, Anna Donner, research associate at the IAAEU, successfully finished her disputation. It was examined under the chairmanship of Prof. Dr. Antje von Ungern-Sternberg, M.A., Prof. Dr. Timo Hebeler and Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Monika Schlachter. Ms. Donner's dissertation on the topic "Die gesundheitliche Eignung als Zugangsvoraussetzung zum Beamtenverhältnis - Ein Auswahlkriterium fernab des Leistungsgrundsatzes gemäß Art. 33 Abs. 2 GG im Spannungsgefüge zwischen fehlenden Rechtsgrundlagen und Diskriminierung aufgrund der Behinderung" is to be published in 2018.


 B4D5797F 483B 4811 9D6D 1ECE337C7149

Prof. Dr. Timo Hebeler, Anna Donner, Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Monika Schlachter, Prof. Dr. Antje von Ungern-Sternberg, M.A.

The concept of employment under social law in the digital world of work
On the 5th of February, 2018, the IAAEU was allowed to welcome Dr. Christian Mecke, judge at the Federal Social Court, to a lecture at the institute. He gave a lecture on the topic "The concept of social law employment in the digital world of work". The event ended with a discussion of the participants.

Labour Law Seminar in Trier
On the 17th of November, 2017, this year's labour law seminar took place under the direction of Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Monika SchlachterAbout 25 labour law and social lawyers from all over Germany participated in the event. Dr. Thomas Klein opened the seminar with a lecture on the organization of strikes at the employer’s factory premises with a subsequent discussion. Dr. Hans-Jürgen Rupp raised questions on the prohibition of evidence problems in the labour court process and presented his own approach to a possible solution. The seminar ended with the following discussion.


P1020323 compressed

The seminar participants in the Max-Weber-Room at the IAAEU

The IAAEU welcomes Jonas Feld

Since October 1st, 2017, the IAAEU has a new employee. Mr. Jonas Feld, M.Sc., has joined the economics working group. Between 2010 and 2015 he earned his Bachelor Degrees in Economics and Political Science from Trier University.  During this time he also spent one year at Lancaster University in England. From 2015 to 2017, he further studied Economics in a double master’s program, earning a M.Sc. in Economics at Trier University and a Magister in International Economics from University of Warsaw. So far, his main research interests focus international trade and labor market economics. We are very excited about the collaboration and wish Mr. Feld all the best during his doctoral studies.

Adrian Chadi Follows the Call to a Junior Professorship

After five years of post-doctoral research at the Institute for Labour Law and Industrial Relations in the European Union (IAAEU), Dr. Adrian Chadi will be assuming a W1-Junior Professorship for Personnel Economics and Human Resource Management at the University of Konstanz, beginning on the 1st of October, 2017. The IAAEU congratulates Adrian Chadi for his honourable calling to Konstanz, thanks him for his exceptional work and wishes him all the best during this new phase of his academic career. When he arrives in Konstanz, Adrian Chadi will continue to research along lines he has pursued at the IAAEU, where he published a number of high-profile studies in the area of personnel economics (see:Oxford Economic PapersManagement Science and Journal of Economics & Management Strategy). In the future, his research will become more focused on behavioral economic aspects, due in part to the excellent resources for this work at the University of Konstanz, both in terms of personnel and organizational structures. Adrian Chadi will also maintain a strong connection with the IAAEU, not least due to several joint research projects, be it on educational economics or in the area of labour market research.

IAAEU Employees at the 7th Assistants' Conference for Labour Law

From the 27th to the 29th of July, 2017, the 7th assistants’ conference for labour law took place at the Bucerius Law School in Hamburg.  Over one hundred young researchers attended the conference and spent three days discussing legal changes and innovations under the motto "The Awoken Legislature in Labour Law – Regulation and Deregulation in Labour Law".  Dr. Thomas Klein and Dominik Leist were panel participants in a podium discussion on the constitutionality of § 11 Abs. 5 AÜG, a law forbidding the use of temporary workers as strikebreakers.  Some legal literature had expressed concerns about the constitutionality of the new law and it thus provided an excellent opportunity for the participants in Hamburg to engage in a controversial discussion of contemporary legal problems. Both of the participants from Trier used their keynote speeches and their time during the podium discussion to explain the necessity and constitutionality of the new regulations.

IAAEU Labour Law Working Group Excursion to the European Court of Justice

On the 18th of July, the labour law working group from the IAAEU under the leadership of Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Monika Schlachter went on an excursion to the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg.  The field trip was intended for students and doctoral candidates from the University of Trier School of Law.  The main purpose of the excursion was to observe the oral proceedings from the case Egenberger (C-414/16).  The case concerns religious discrimination in ideological enterprises and the day’s proceedings took place in the main chamber of the ECJ.  The case was submitted to the ECJ by the German Federal Labour Court for preliminary ruling.

W2 Professorship for Lars Hornuf
After almost three years, Junior Professor Dr. Lars Hornuf will be leaving the Institute for Labour Law and Industrial Relations in the European Union (IAAEU) to follow the call to a W2 Professorship in Business Administration, dealing in particular with finance services, at the University of Bremen. Following Vanessa Mertins who, in 2015, assumed a W2 Professorship at the University of Vechta, as well as Mario MechtelSabrina Jeworrek and Adrian Chadi who have all been name W1 Professors, Dr. Hornuf's move to Bremen is a shining example of the IAAEU’s personnel politics. During his time at the IAAEU, Lars Hornuf finished a DFG project on crowdinvesting which he began before moving to the IAAEU, won two competitive calls for proposals from the Federal Ministry for Finances and published 17 articles in journals including, among others, the International Review of Law and Economics, the Journal of Corporate Finance, the California Management Review as well as Small Business Economics.  The excellent conditions for research at the institute also allowed him to take part in 53 national and international workshops and conferences. Among those events attended were the annual conferences of the American Law and Economics Association at Columbia and Yale Law School, the European Finance Association and the European Economic Association as well as the Law and Economics Forum of the London School of Economics. In addition, Lars Hornuf was invited to be a panelist at this year’s G20 Finance Conference in Wiesbaden. During his time at the IAAEU, he was also a Visiting Research Fellow at the Social Science Research Institute, Duke University as well as Visiting Researcher at the Georgetown Law School. He was also named Affiliate Member of the CESifo Research Network, Research Fellow at the Centers of Finance of the University of Regensburg as well as Affiliated Research Fellow at the Max-Planck-Institute for Innovation and Competition.

Lars Hornuf's research at the University of Bremen will be focused on the digitalisation of the finance and innovation markets. He will continue to work in cooperation with the IAAEU through a joint research project which was recently approved for funding by the DFG on the topic of "Crowdsourcing as a New Form of Labour Organisation: Regulation Requirements and Welfare Effects."

IAAEU Secures a Third-Party Funded Project from the DFG
The Directors of the IAAEU, Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Monika Schlachter and Prof. Dr. Laszlo Goerke, together with Prof. Dr. Lars Hornuf, were able to secure a third-party funded project from the German Research Foundation (DFG) in August 2017.  The project deals with crowdsourcing as a new form of labour organisation and studies specifically the regulatory requirements and welfare effects of crowdsourcing. The research project is scheduled to run for 3 years with a funding of € 460,000 in total.  These resources will be used primarily to fund three research positions with the duties of investigating economic and legal aspects of crowdworking. The economic portion of the research project will be lead in large by Prof. Dr. Lars Hornuf, who, beginning on the 1st of October 2017, will be assuming a professorship at the University of Bremen. Dr. Thomas Klein (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) will be the coordinating partner at the IAAEU.

IAAEU research on the effects of work-related changes

Are employees happier, when they change their job? Adrian Chadi and his long-standing co-author Clemens Hetschko (FU Berlin) are investigating this question in various research projects. The results of the two researchers have meanwhile led to a great response in both national and international media. Recently, Clemens Hetschko has been interviewed for the print edition of the Süddeutsche Zeitung (please find the article here). Last year, the British newspaper Guardian already reported on the research of Chadi and Hetschko in a contribution.  The focus of the study was the influence of job changes on overall life satisfaction of the employees. The corresponding study is available as an IAAEU Discussion Paper and can be downloaded here free of charge. In a second study, Chadi and Hetschko analyzed, whether job satisfaction is dependent of job changes. The investigation was recently accepted for publication in the "Journal of Economics & Management Strategy" and analyzed the satisfaction of employees after a voluntary job change. In order to experience the so-called "Honeymoon-Effect" of higher job satisfaction in a new environment himself, Adrian Chadi will hold a junior professorship for personnel economics and human research management at the University of Constanze  on 1 October.

Dr. Thomas Klein as Expert Witness before the German Parliamentary Committee for Labour and Social Affairs

On the 19th of June 2017, the German Parliamentary Committee for Labour and Social Affairs hosted an expert panel in public session to review the bills from the CDU/CSU and SPD concerning the protection of social security processes under collective agreements and changes to labour court laws (the bill can viewed in German under the Bundestagsdrucksache 18/12510. The law was intended to insure the binding character of a series of social security agreements after newer judgements from the Federal Labour Court cast doubts about the legal legitimacy of past claims to universal applicability based on collective agreement legislation. While a law had been passed to protect such agreements in the construction sector (Sozialkassenverfahrensicherungsgesetz – SokaSiG vom 16. Mai 2017, BGBl. I, pp. 1210), a law for which Dr. Klein was engaged as an expert witness before the parliamentary committee, the new bill was intended to extend the protection to a further eleven sectors (e.g. the painter and varnisher craft, the roofing trade, the baking craft, the bread and industrial baking industry as well as for editors of daily newspapers). Beyond that, the bill proposes changes to labour court laws with the intention of increasing the efficacy of legal protections in social security litigation.

In his statement to the committee, Dr. Klein expressed his strong support for the bill. The proposed provisions were advisable in order to protect social security processes under collective agreements and to ensure legal certainty. Neither were there grounds for constitutional objections to the proposed legislation. He argued, however, that the bill did not go far enough as it included only the protection of the universal applicability of collective social security agreements. The newer judgements from the federal labour court called into question the universal applicability of a large number of collective agreements. With this in mind, Dr. Klein suggested a supplement to the bill. Dr. Klein’s written testimony to the committee can be found under the following link.

Dr. Ulrich Ziehran as a visiting researcher at the IAAEU

From the 15th until the 17th of May 2017, Ulrich Zierahn was a visiting scientist at the IAAEU. Currently he is employed as a Senior Researcher at the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW, Mannheim) and conducts research on the ramifications of technological change, international trade and offshoring. During his research residence in Trier, Mr. Ziehran collaborated with Dr. Marco de Pinto on the third-party funded project "Local labour markets – The causes and consequences of spatial differences in labour market outcomes across cities in France and Germany". The researchers investigated the reallocation of labor caused by the increasing international integration.

Workshop for applied microeconomics in Marburg

On the 25th and the 26th of May 2017, the second Workshop for applied microeconomics took place in Marburg. As in previous years, the workshop was organized by Prof. Dr. Tim Friehe (Marburg University). In addition to the initiator Prof. Dr. Laszlo Goerke (Director of the economic research team at the IAEAU), Prof. Dr. Eberhard Feess (member of the board of trustees) and Dr. Marco de Pinto (research associate at the IAAEU) participated in the workshop. While Laszlo Goerke presented the results of his research paper "Unionization and Firm-selection – the Role of Firm-specific Bargaining Power", Marco de Pinto gave a lecture on "Unionization and Firm-selection – the Role of Firm-specific Bargaining Power". Florian Baumann, Evelyn Korn, Elisabeth Schulte and Alexander Rasch also participated in this year’s workshop.

Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Monika Schlachter reported on the relevance of Public International Law at the 11th Hans-Böckler-Form

In cooperation with the Hugo Sinzheimer Institute (HSI), the Hans-Böckler Foundation (HBS) hosted the 11th Hans-Böckler-Form on Labour-and Social Security Law in Berlin on the 2nd and 3rd of March 2017. The event focused on the consequences and implications of digitalisation and internationalisation on international labour markets. In front of approximately 650 participants, Prof. Monika Schlachter opened the conference with a lecture on the relevance of international labour law for national law. Furthermore, Anette Kramme, undersecretary at the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Ingrid Schmidt, President of the German Federal Labour Court, Francois Biltgen, judge at the European Court of Justice, Prof. Ulrich Preis, researcher at the University of Cologne and Prof. Franz Josef Düwell, former judge at the Federal Court Labour, all held lectures at the Forum. In addition, researchers in six parallel forums discussed various topics, ranging from the Bundesteilhabegesetz (BTHG), the reformation of care, current developments in collective bargaining law to corporate co-determination. A detailed documentation of the conference can be found on the website of the HBS.

Lars Hornuf at G20 Conference
At the invitation of the German Federal Bank, representatives of the G20, the private sector as well as scientific experts from different universities discussed on digitization opportunities in the financial sector on the 25th of January. Prof. Dr. Lars Hornuf insisted on the importance of further research on finance technology to determine the utitlity as well as possible risks of the digitization processes. The empirical results can offer implications, how the real economy can benefit from these innovative markets. Further information can be found here.

Current Study on FinTech Markets

In a recently conducted empirical study, Prof. Dr. Gregor Dorfleitner and Prof. Dr. Lars Hornuf (IAAEU and Trier University) investigated the market volumes of German FinTech companies between 2007 and 2015. The objective of the data collection is to predict the market development of eight FinTech-segments until the year of 2035. Further information can be found here.

Publication on employment protection of disabled persons

In December 2016, the German Bundestag and Bundesrat passed a law enhancing the protection of self-determination and social participation of persons with disabilities (Bundesteilhabegesetz). The bill will enter into force in several stages. The first revisions became effective beginning 30 December 2016 and have several impacts for the protection from dismissal. Contrary to the previous law, the lack of representation by a before the termination of disabled employees, now leads to the invalidity of the dismissal (§95, Abs. 2, S. 3, SGB IX). In his recent publication "Der Kündigungsschutz schwerbehinderter Arbeitnehmer nach dem Bundesteilhabegesetz" (forthcoming in: Neue Juristische Wochenschrift, Issue 12/2017: 852-856), Dr. Thomas Klein analyses the legal reorganization as well as specific problems of the interpretations associated with it.

Dr. Thomas Klein at the Federal Committee on Labour and Social Affairs

On the 23rd of January 2017, a public hearing concerning a draft law of CDU/CSU and SPD group members on social security schemes in the construction sector (Sozialkassenverfahrensicherungsgesetz – SokaSiG – BT-Drs. 18/10631) took place in the Committee on Labour and Social Affairs of the German Bundestag. A total of 12 experts, including representatives from employers’ associations, trade unions and individual experts of the scientific community were consulted. Dr. Thomas Klein (research associate at the IAAU) participated as an expert on questions of constitutionality and the design of the draft law. A written statement by Dr. Klein, which has been submitted in advance of the hearing, can be consulted on the website of the German Bundestag. Furthermore, the journal Arbeit und Recht (AuR No. 2/2017) will publish an article of Dr. Klein on social security schemes in the construction sector.

Thomas Klein and Dominik Leist on the Compatibility of German Corporate Co-Determination and European Union Law
After a submission by the Court of Appeals in Berlin, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) will make a decision on the compatibility of German corporate co-determination with European Union law. The motivation for the submission was the electoral rules of German co-determination laws. According to these rules, only the domestically employed have both the active and passive right to vote for the supervisory board. Critics have expressed doubt in the jurisprudential literature about the legitimacy of this rule under European law. Thomas Klein (IAAEU) and Dominik Leist (Trier University) have, in keeping with the submission to the ECJ, investigated the legal situation and have come to the conclusion that neither the anti-discrimination clause from Article 18 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) nor the guarantee of free movement of workers under Article 45 of the TFEU conflict with German labour law. Their work can be read in German at the Zeitschrift für europäisches Sozial- und Arbeitsrecht (ZESAR) and has already been noticed and commented upon in the Böckler-Impuls 16/2016.

ANR-DFG-Project - The causes and consequences of spatial differences in labour market outcomes across cities in France and Germany
Together with researchers from the Centre for European Economic Research in Mannheim (ZEW), from the University of Münster and the Aix-Marseille School of Economics, Dr. Marco de Pinto (IAAEU & Trier University) was able to obtain third-party funding for the above named project. This project explores the causes and effects of the disparities between local labour markets in France and in Germany. On the one hand, the project will investigate why there are significant regional differences respective wage, firm productivity, labour or even cost of living. On the other hand, the reallocation of labour within specific regions will also be analysed, specifically as it is increasingly influenced by international integration. The findings have the potential to show which economic policy reactions will be of greatest benefit for the sometimes considerably different local labour markets. The analysis will take place within a theoretically founded empirical research framework based on French and German administrative microdata (DADs and LIAB). The research project is funded by the DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) and the ANR (Agence Nationale de la Recherche). Funding of up to 300,000€ over 36 months has been allocated for this project.

Conference "European Union and the Council of Europe – Interrelation on Fundamental (Social) Rights" in the event series "International Labour Standards"

On Wednesday the 25th of November, the Hugo Sinzheimer Institute (HSI) together with the Institute for Labour Law and Industrial Relations in the European Union (IAAEU) kicked off their conference "European Union and the Council of Europe – Interrelation on Fundamental (Social) Rights" in the IG Bau building in Frankfurt am Main. This conference was the start of a new series of events titled "International Labour Standards." Events in the series will be held every two years, moving back and forth between HSI in Frankfurt am Main and the IAAEU in Trier. After introductory words from Dr. Johannes Heuschmid (Deputy Director of the HSI) Prof. Jochen Abr. Frowein (Max-Planck-Institute Foreign Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg and former Vice-President of the European Commission on Human Rights) opened the event with a lecture on the developments in and background of European fundamental social rights. Following that, François Biltgen (Judge at the European Court of Law) and Prof. Monika Schlachter (Director of the IAAEU und Professor at the University of Trier) illuminated the current influence of instruments stemming from the European Council on fundamental social rights in the EU from the perspectives of the European Court of Law and academia. The second thematic block was dedicated to the accession process of the EU and the instruments available to the European Council when confronted with a negative assessment of an accession application by the European Court of Law. On that topic, Dr. Dieter Kraus (Speaker in the Cabinet of the President of the Chamber in the European Court of Law) presented the most significant points of criticism from the European Court of Justice’s assessment. Following that, Prof. Jörg Polakiewicz (Director of the Department for Law and International Law for the European Council and Professor at the University of Saarland) spoke about the accession process from the perspective of the European Council. Prof. Olivier de Schutter (Professor at the Catholic Universtiy Loewen, Belgium and the College of Europe, Poland) ended the conference with a presentation over the possibility of a European Union entry into the revised European Social Charter. Guests included around 100 researchers from several EU member states, who were all invited to participate in post-lecture discussions moderated by Prof. Manfred Weiss (Professor at the Goethe-University Frankfurt and Chair of the HSI advisory board). A conference report will be published in the journal Arbeit und Recht (AuR).





Labour and Personnel Economics in the Greater Region

On December 8, about 20 reserachers from France, Germany and Luxembourg assembled at the IAAEU. The aim of the meeting was to explore possibilities for a future, more intensified co-operation in the area of Labour and Personnel Economics among institutions located in the Greater Region. Participants from Kaiserslautern, Lorraine, Luxembourg,  Strassbourg and Trier took part in the small conference. In the morning, five papers were presented, dealing with wage cost subsidies, moral hazard in labour relationships, expatriate workers, unemployment insurance and consequences of commuting to work. In the afternoon, future projects were discussed. In was agreed that a further conference will take place next year. For more detailed information, please contact Mr. Laszlo Goerke.

International Workshop "International Trade & Labour Markets"

Which impact does the increasing interdependence of commodities and capital markets have on local labour markets? This question is not only the focus of many public and public debates, but also a major focus of economic research. In order to analyze this aspect, the IAAEU and the Chair for International Economic Policy (Trier University) hosted a workshop on "International Trade & Labour Markets" on the 25th and 26th of November 2016. Numerous researchers from different European universities (f.e. France and Luxembourg) presented their papers, thus providing the foundation for scientific exchange and cooperation in the future. For example, the participants discussed the effects of the eastward enlargement of the European Union on employment in Germany and how the "Brain Drain" affects welfare in the sender and recipient countries. Further information can be found here. Mr. Marco de Pinto (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) will be pleased to answer further questions.

The collective bargaining and strike right for civil servants in privatized companies
On November 8, 2016, Thomas Klein, a research associate at the IAAEU, successfully passed his rigorum. He was examined under the chairmanship of Prof. Dr. Alexander Proelß (Public Law) by Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Monika Schlachter in civil law and Prof. Dr. Franz Dorn in the legal history. The dissertation of Mr. Klein, entitled "Das Kollektivvertrags- und Streikrecht für Beamte in privatisierten Unternehmen, am Beispiel der Postnachfolgeunternehmen", is expected to be published by Nomos Verlag in early 2017.



Prof. Dr. Schlachter, Thomas Klein, Prof. Dr. Proelß, Prof. Dr. Dorn

FinTech - Empirical market conditions in Germany
Together with Prof. Dr. Gregor Dorfleitner (Regensberg University), Jun. Prof. Dr. Lars Hornuf (IAAEU and Economics, Trier University) acquired an externally funded project which is entitled "FinTech – Markt in Deutschland." The client for this project is the Federal Ministry of Finance in Germany. The project will start in January 2016 and will be completed by summer 2016.The aim of this research project is to define the term "FinTech" under consideration of the empirical market conditions in Germany and the international research literature. Furthermore, the project will try to identity the relevant Fintech institutions in Germany including their activities. Building on the entirety of that which will be defined, the research team will ascertain and analyze the market sizes and volumes. A special focus is placed on Crowdfunding, Crowdinvesting, Crowdlending, Robo Advice, Personal Financial Management and Social Trading. Finally the team will identify technological residues and barriers that hinder the development of the market. Finally, a market forecast for the next 5, 10 and 20 years will be created.

International Workshop "Subjective Survey Data in Labour Market Research" on the 7th and 8th of October 2016
The traditional autumn workshop from the economics group at the IAAEU, which has been luring researchers from all over the world each year with new thematic focal points, was back this October. The focus this year was the use of subjective data for labour market analysis and other related fields of inquiry. The large number of participants, more than 40 this year, showed how this topic could excite the research community. In addition to researchers from across Europe, guests travelled from as far away as the United States of America and India to discuss the use of subjective data at the IAAEU. One highlight was the keynote lecture from labour market researcher Andrew E. Clark (Paris School of Economics - CNRS), one of the most well-known names in the field. In his entertaining lecture, he gave an overview of the research area and presented results from his study titled „Looking for labour market rents with subjective data“. Conchita D’Ambrosio (University of Luxemburg) gave the closing lecture of the conference on the effects of familial and financial difficulties on the development of children. The autumn workshop offered diverse and exciting possibilities for discussion with a total of 25 presented research papers and a poster session. The research being conducted at the IAAEU was also in the spotlight with several new research projects among the presentations. Educational research, research on the role of unions and methodological questions about the use of subjective data were all topics at this year’s workshop.


workshop impressions

Participants of the Workshop, Andrew E. Clark, Conchita D’Ambrosio

Interdisciplinary workshop at the IAAEU
On Tuesday, the 10th of May 2016, the legal and the economic team organized an interdisciplinary workshop in the Max Weber-Room of the Institute for Labour Law and Industrial Relations in the European Union. The directors of the institute, Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Schlachter and Prof. Dr. Goerke as well as the scientific staff of the two teams participated in the session. The workshop was opened with a lecture by Natalia Hebold in which she presented her dissertation project "Gestaltungsmöglichkeiten des Betriebsrates bei der zeitlichen und örtlichen Entgrenzung der Arbeit durch den Einsatz moderner Informationstechnologien". Following Ms. Hebold, Dr. Adrian Chadi presented a scientific study entitled "Smartphone ban at the workplace: economic and legal perspectives", in which the performance of subjects was studied in the ban on the use of the private phones in the workplace. In the second part of the workshop Anna Donner gave a lecture about her doctoral thesis "The health requirement as a requirement for the civil service". The workshop was completed by Jun. Prof. Dr. Lars Hornuf with a presentation on "The Economic Impact of Forming a Societas Europaea." This interdisciplinary event offered the participants the opportunity to share their respective research projects and jointly discuss the work.

  Dr. Adrian Chadi and the participants of the workshop

Campus Dialogue Research: "The ABC’s of the Institute"
Trier University has been producing ‚Campus Dialogue Research’ since 2014 to inform and excite the public about ongoing research conducted by the faculty. This year, the focus has been put on individual research institutions belonging to the University and The Institute for Labour Law and Industrial Relations in the European Union (IAAEU) used this chance to present itself to a wider audience. Prof. Dr. Laszlo Goerke, Director of Economic Sciences at the IAAEU, held a talk titled "Institute in Dialogue" in which he first cast light on the structure of the IAAEU, the wide range of work produced there and the excellent engagement in research at the institute. The excellence of the research was underscored by the number of projects which are integrated in an interdisciplinary and international context. The diversity of the research at the IAAEU was also made apparent to visitors of this year’s Campus Dialogue through the "Marketplace of Ideas", where researchers from the institute presented exemplary new research projects with a wide variety of posters. Maike Weber presented a project which, under special consideration of the Swedish and Finnish legal situation, analyzed instruments for the improvement of employment chances for pensioners. Olga Lorenz showed empirical research investigating the effects of commuter mobility on body weight and health behavior. Lars Hornuf was introduced as new Junior Professor for the Economic Analysis of Law and shared his work on Crowd-working and Crowd-sourced Innovation. The relaxed atmosphere at this audience friendly research forum was an excellent opportunity for the IAAEU to introduce itself and come together with the community in an exciting dialogue.


           dialog   hornuf  
              Talk "Institute in Dialogue"   Lars Hornuf at the "Market Place"

"The Right to Strike: A Need to Align Different Interpretations?"

On the 22nd of April 2016, a conference organized by the Social Justice Expertise Center (SJEC) in Leiden took place to discuss the necessity of a unified interpretation of fundamental social rights.  Prof.  Schlachter, judicial Director of the IAAEU and Vice President of the European Commission on Social Rights, held a lecture on the right to strike.  She concluded that the ability to uphold social rights is dependent on a coherent interpretation of international regulations. The right to strike is guaranteed at the supranational level by various instruments (compare with ILO Convention Nr. 87, Art. 6 ESC, Art. 11 EMRK) whose inconsistent interpretation could hamper the protection of that very right.  Particularly in times of economic crisis, the effective use of such protective instruments is of special import. The individual presentations can be found in condensed form in a recently published collected volume.

Research Residence of Marco de Pinto at the Centre for European Economic Research Mannheim

From the 26th until the 30th of September 2016, Dr. Marco de Pinto worked as a visiting researcher at the research department "Labour Markets, Human Resources and Social Policy" of the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW). In cooperation with researchers of the ZEW, he worked on a research project, which aims to analyse the effects of international trade on employment biographies in local labour markets. Further information concerning this project can be found here.

Legislating Equal Pay? Which advances can be expected from the planned law for just wages?

At the beginning of October, the coalition committee of the "Great Coalition" agreed upon central points for a new law intended to make wages more just. The bill is expected to be delivered to the German Federal Cabinet in December and to be passed in the summer of 2017. The IAAEU is taking the legislative initiative as an opportunity to cast light on the legal aspects of wage fairness between the sexes and, to serve this purpose, will be holding a lecture event. The event took place on the 12th of December at 6pm (cum tempore) in the Max-Weber Room of the IAAEU (Campus 2, Room H714). The attorney Dr. Lena Oerder (SLT Chancellery for Labour Law, Dusseldorf), a well-known expert on wage equality has been engaged for the lecture. Beginning with her dissertation titled "On Equal Wages for Men and Women", Dr. Oerder has long investigated the problem of wage equality, not only from a legal perspective but also from a socio-legal perspective. In her lecture, she will present information on the planned legislation and report on whether it is truly appropriate for advancing the cause of just wages.

Labour Law Practioner's seminar in Kassel
On the 29th of April 2016, the Labour Law Practioners‘ seminar, led by Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Monika Schlachter, took place at the Federal Social Court of Germany in Kassel. The seminar was opened with a lecture by Dr. Doreen Schmeer concerning new ways of managing ideas und konwledge in multinational companies. Prof. Dr. Thomas Weiss followed with a discussion of problems and possible solutions to the question of whether collective agreements concerning provision of personnel should be considered to be impermissable cases of personnel leasing. The seminar ended with a lecture by Kai Hoffmeister concerning multinational corporations' execution of business unit divestiture as well as the execution of mergers and corporate reorganisation.

Teilnehmer des Seminars vor dem Bundessozialgericht in Kassel

The participants of the workshop in front of the Federal Social Court of Germany

German-Israeli Research Cooperation Approved 
The grant proposal for a comparative law study titled "Strikes in Essential Services" has been approved by the German Israeli Foundation (GIF). The project, starting in January 2016 and running over three years, and will be led Prof. Dr. Monika Schlachter (Universität Trier) and Prof. Mordechai Mironi (Universität Haifa, Israel). The cooperation project will study the current problem of strikes in the public welfare services, where the public interest in continual provision of welfare services stands in potential conflict with the international and constitutionally guaranteed rights of workers (freedom of association and assembly as well as the right to strike). The goal of the project is to elucidate the international guarantee of the right to strike, in particular through the detailed analysis of rulings from the Internation Labour Organization (ILO) and the instruments of the Council of Europe (Human Rights Convention and the Social Charta), and to compare these guarantees with the real world solutions to the resultant problems in the provision of welfare services as practiced in 12 different countries. The study plans to produce structured, individual reports on Brazil, Canada, Germany, France, Israel, Italy, Japan, Poland, Sweden, South Africa, Great Britain and the USA. The result will be a presentation of tried regulatory models with their respective legal, economic, social and political conditions of effectiveness.

Workshop "Subjective Survey Data in Labour Market Research"
The Institute for Labour Law and Industrial Relations in the European Union held a workshop on "Subjective Survey Data in Labour Market Research" on the 7th and 8th of October 2016. Mr. Andrew E. Clark (Paris School of Economics – CNRS) will give the keynote lecture. The workshop is aimed at empirical oriented researchers, who analyse subjective survey data as a determinant or as a result in labour market contexts. The final programme and further information can be found here.

8th Economic Workshop
On Friday, the 19th of February, the 8th Economic Workshop was held by the Institute for Labour Law and Industrial Relations in the European Union (IAAEU) at Trier University. As part of the workshop, scientists from different universities and research institutes shared and discussed the results of their latest research projects. As in years past, the topics covered a wide spectrum, from personnel economics to behavioral economics through to the newest research over the financial sector. Included among the lecturers were not only professors from several universities but also as promising young scientists. We were particularly pleased to welcome Benjamin Schwanebeck (Kassel University) who analyzed the impact of different examination regulations on the grades of students. Christian Haddad (University Lille II) presented legal and economic determinants, which influence the global development of FinTech Markets. The IAAEU was pleased to welcome not only German-speaking researchers, but also researchers from France, Luxembourg and Italy in Trier. At the end of the conference, both the participants and the organizers were well pleased with the quality of the lectures and discussions as well as the possibilities for networking and consolidation.





IAAEU-Research on Fraudulent Behavior within Organisations
Only recently has the press announced tot he world that VW has been using special software to cheat their way to lower nitric oxide values in their vehicles‘ exhaust for tests from organisations like the International Council on Clean Transportation. Fraudulent behavior is not, however, limited to the automotive sector; fraudulent behavior is, infact, omnipresent. There are even reports of international bankers colluding on benchmark interest rates like the LIBOR an EURIBOR in order to make illegal profits. In an experimental study that took place in cooperation between the IAAEU and the Center for Leadership and People Management (CLPM) at the LMU München, the researchers Susanne Braun and Lars Hornuf investigate the degree to which authentic leadership influences the honesty of employees. The results are informative but also sobering. Although the participants in the study percieved their boss as authentic, the subjects showed minor but persistently fraudulent behavior. Other factors such as the obviously fraudulent behavior of other subjects or personally being cheated by other subjects were also inconsequetial for an individual’s level of fraudulence. The results showed that fraudulent behavior among employees is persistent and that only long-term measures show any promise for correcting the situation. The results of the study can be found under IAAEU Discussion Paper 10/2015.

The IAAEU at the Annual Conference of the Verein für Socialpolitic (VfS)
From the 6th to the 9th of 2015, the annual conference of the Association for Social Politics, with more than 4.000 German speaking scientists as members, took place at the Westphalian Wilhelms-University in Münster. As in years past, members of the IAAEU were there to present findings from their research.One important field of study at the institute is sickness leave and it became even more apparent at this year’s conference. At the meeting concerning this topic, three different researchers form the institute presented their findings concerning the following research questions: The effect of commuting between work and home on sickness leave, The consequences of sick leave on internal career mobility, The connection between days missed and the decision to go to work despite being sick. In addition to that, there were three other studies written by members of the IAAEU and their coauthors, concerning crowd-investing, the motivation of employees in social work and the social-politic effects of the euro-crisis respectively. The widespread participation of IAAEU researchers at the most important conference for German language economists makes clear the significance and the high quality of the analysis taking place in Trier.

IAAEU Economists on the road again in 2015
2015 saw the economists from the IAAEU back on the road, sharing their newest findings with the world and entering into an exciting discourse with researchers from other institutions. On average, IAAEU scientists presented at six different conferences. At the Annual Conference of the Verein für Socialpolitik (VfS), the most important conference for German economists, the IAAEU was represented with six seperate lectures. The IAAEU was also on the scene at international conferences, both on european soil and elsewhere in the world. IAAEU researchers were present at the annual conference of the Society for Population Economics in Izmir and the Spring Meeting for Young Economists in Ghent – they even made it over the pond (for example the annual conference of the American Law and Economics Association in New York or the fourth World Meeting of the American Society of Labor Economists (SOLE) and the European Association of Labour Economists (EALE) in Montreal). The expansive lecture programme supports the exchange of ideas with other scientists and underlines the excellent research activitities of IAAEU members. More information on the specific conferences attended can be found here.

Labour Law Practioners’ Seminar in Kassel
On the 12th of June 2015, the Labour Law Practioners’ seminar, led by Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Monika Schlachter, took place at the Federal Social Court of Germany in Kassel. The seminar was opened with a lecture by Judge Ulf Kortstock from the Labour Court on the topic "The New Vacation Laws after decisions from the European Court of Justice and the German Labour Court." Judge Dr. Christian Mecke from the Federal Social Court of Germany followed with a talk on draft laws for the new organization of the rights of in-house legal counsels. The seminar ended with Judge Dr. Hans-Jürgen Rupp explaining occupational integration management during the dismissal process.

Multidisciplinary Workshop at the IAAEU
On the 7th of May 2015, a multidisciplinary workshop took place in the Max-Weber-Room of the IAAEU.  Both directors of the Institute, Prof. Dr. Dr. h. c. Schlachter and Prof. Dr. Goerke, along with researchers from both the judicial and economic team took part in the workshop. Sabrina Jeworrek opened the workshop with a presentation over her research project titled "Works Councils and Vacation".  Konstantin Esch followed by presenting the current results from his dissertation on the topic of  "Risk: Portability of Company Pensions?". Dr. Mario Mechtel contributed with the newest findings from his study "The Causal Effect of a Local Alcohol Sales Ban on Crime". Thomas Klein closed the workshop with his dissertation, in which he investigates the sphere of influence of civil servants in private business on collective agreements.

Legal Problems of the new Minimum Wage
Lecture from Prof. Dr. Philipp Fischinger, LL. M. (Harvard), University of Mannheim on Wednesday the 29th of April 2015 at the IAAEU in Trier: "Rechtsprobleme des neuen Mindestlohnes" ("Legal problems of the new minimum wage"). The slides of the presentation are available here.

New visiting researcher from Lithuania at IAAEU
In April 2015, the Department of Labour Law at the IAAEU welcomed Dr. Agne Vaitkeviciute from Lithuania as a visiting researcher at the institute. During her research stay she focused on the project "Erwerbstätigkeit im Rentenalter? – Instrumente zur Verbesserung der Beschäftigungs-chancen jenseits der Altersgrenze: Anregungen aus der schwedischen und finnischen Praxis".





Prof. Goerke receives top ranking in the Handelsblatt
The economic department director of the IAAEU, Prof. Dr. Laszlo Goerke, is, according to the newest rankings by the Handelsblatt (published 15.12.2014), among the strongest German speaking economics researchers. In the category ‚Lifework‘, Prof. Goerke improved his standing from place 38 to place 28, narrowly missing the top 25. The Handelsblatt-Ranking measures the research accomplishments of over 200 active economists in Germany, Austria and Switzerland biannually. The study is done by the ETH Zurich's Swiss Institute for Business Cycle Research (KOF). The rankings are based on internationally accepted evaluation standards, primarily publications in the circa 1000 international academic journals for economics. The complete Handelsblatt-Ranking can be found here.

IAAEU Department of Labour Law’s excursion to the European Court of Justice
On the 20th of November 2014, the IAAEU Department of Labour Law, under the leadership of Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Monika Schlachter, visited the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg. The excursion was planned for University of Trier law students. The focus of the excursion was the participation in oral argumentation concerning the case Lyttle u.a. (C-182/13, C-392/13, C-80/14), in which the meaning of the term establishment (Betrieb) in the legal framework surrounding collective redundancies played a central role. In addition to that, the students were able to get a personal impression of the workings and functions of the ECJ, while also getting to tour parts of the ECJ building.


EuGHThe IAAEU Law Department and the students in the entry hall of the ECJ.

6th Economics Workshop at the IAAEU
On the 14th and 15th of February 2014, the 6th Economics Workshop was held by the Institute for Labour Law and Labour Relations in the European Union at the University of Trier. As part of the workshop, around 20 scientists from different universities and research institutes shared and discussed the results of their newest research. As in years past, the topics covered a wide spectrum, from personnel economics to behavioral economics through to the newest research over the financial sector. Included among the lecturers were not only professors from several universities but also as promising young scientists.
We were particularly pleased to welcome Dr. Benjamin Weigert, Secretary General of the German Council of Economic Experts, as our keynote speaker as he was able to give us insights into the process of giving impartial scientific counsel to governments. The debt repayment fund, suggested by the council in 2012 as an answer to the European debt crisis, played a central role in Dr. Weigert’s lecture and was discussed critically by the young scientists present. As is tradition, the participants voted on the best lecture of the conference and this year selected Florian Baumann (University of Düsseldorf) and Tim Friehe (University of Bonn) for their work on optimal reward systems for attorneys in judicial processes. The participants were in agreement the workshop should take place again, for the seventh time, next year.

Joseph A. Schumpeter-Prize for Dr. Mario Mechtel
Mario Mechtel, research associate at the IAAEU, was honored with the Joseph A. Schumpeter-Prize for outstanding young researchers in Department IV of the University of Trier. The Joseph A. Schumpeter-Prize monies of 1000 euros are financed by the the Deutschen Bundesbank in Rheinland-Palatinate and Saarland. The presentation of the prize took place during a graduation ceremony and was presented by the director of the Deutschen Bundesbank Saarland, Karl Heinz Thiel. The Institute is very pleased for Dr. Mechtel.

Spring Meeting of Young Economists: Best Paper Award for Dr. Mario Mechtel
Mario Mechtel, research associate at the IAAEU, was distinguished with the Best Paper Award from one of the most renowned conferences for young researchers, the Spring Meeting of Young Economists (SMYE) in Vienna. Once a year, the best young researchers from across Europe meet there to discuss new findings. This year, only 150 young researchers were selected from a total of 700 applicants to attend the conference. Along with Mario Mechtel, two other researchers from the IAAEU were selected to attend the conference, Adrian Chadi and Sabrina Jeworrek. Based on the evaluations from experts in the field, the best papers were selected and evaluated again by representatives of the programme committee and the members of the board of executives for the European Association of Young Economists. Mario Mechtel and his co-author Agnes Bäcker from the University of Tübingen were recognized for their paper titled "Peer Effects in Cheating on Task Performance". The prize came with a purse of 500 euros. The IAAEU is pleased to congratulate Mario Mechtel as the first researcher from Trier to have earned the SMYE Best Paper Award.

Dr. Mario Mechtel publishes study on consumption and status in east and west Germany in the European Economic Review.
The IAAEU would like to congratulate Mario Mechtel for his publication in one of the most renowned economic journals, the European Economic Review. The therein published cooperative project with Prof. Dr. Tim Friehe (University of Bonn) studied the influence of political regimes on individual preferences. Using data which was representative for Germany, they were able to show that "conspicuous consumption" played a much larger role in east Germany than in west Germany after the reunification. Although the considerable disparity in the consumption of goods associated with status has diminished in the last two decades, as of 2008 a significant gap still remained. 
Reference: Friehe, T. and M. Mechtel, 2014. Conspicuous Consumption and Political Regimes: Evidence from East and West Germany, European Economic Review, Bd. 67, S. 62-81.





Conference on Sickness Absenteeism and Presenteeism
On the 10th and 11th of October 2013, the Department for Economics at the Institute for Labour Law and Labour Relations in the European Union (IAAEU) held a conference on "Sickness Abenteeism" while also moving into the relatively new field of ‘Presenteeism’. The idea of presenteeism, the phaenomenon of employees attending work despite their being sick, has recently moved into the focus of not just scientists but also the public at large.
A significant part of the costs of sickness to society and business is not manifested in failing to appear at work, rather the costs are incurred by working sick. This was a primary reason to focus the researchers’ attention on this new field of study, without forgetting absenteeism. In addition to economists and behavioral researchers from Denmark, Germany, France, Great Britain, Austria, Spain and Switzerland, representatives from businesses and administrations also took part in the conference.
The subject matter of the 12 lectures ranged from the influence of the business organization form to the effect of regional attitudes towards absenteeism. One particular study pursued the question of whether increases in sick leave during economic booms were related to an increased risk of infection in the workplace, as already sick workers were unable or unwilling to take the necessary time off.
2 of the 12 lectures were presented by scientists from the IAAEU. The 28 participants used the constructive atmosphere to engage in discussions on the presentations and were all impressed by the vitality of the research in the fields of absenteeism and presenteeism. The organizers were also extremely pleased at the large numbers of applicants to the conference, which led to only three quarters of all applicants being accepted.

5th Economics Workshop at the IAAEU Trier

On the 1st and 2nd of March 2013, the 5th Economics Workshop at the IAAEU in Trier took place. At the workshop, young academics had the chance to present and discuss their newest findings. Around 30 economists from around the world had the chance to bring together research from the fields of personal economics, labour economics, experimental economics, happiness research, financial science, international economics and political economics. The highlight was a Friday evening keynote lecture from Dr. Salvatore Barbaro, Secretary for the Ministry of Finance in the Rheinland-Palatinate. In his lecture on the topic "Prospects in the Politics of Taxation", he described three long term developmental guidelines for tax policy up to 2020. Alongside his thoughts on capital-based taxation and the maintenance of a well-functioning tax administration, he also presented concepts that can contribute to a disentanglement of fiscal federalism. The 24 lectures also proved exciting. Examples included Leonie Gerhard from the University of Frankfurt who presented an experimental study on the role of intrinsic motivation on an employee’s work effort. Another lecture, this time from Dana Sisak of the University of Rotterdam, showed that careers in which excellence was better rewarded attracted better qualified persons and drew interesting implications from the findings, concerning for example the pay scales of teachers. After the final lecture on Saturday, the participants elected a winners for the "Best Paper Awards". The prize went to Emanuel Hansen from the University of Cologne for his study on negative income taxation. At the end of the conference, both the participants and the organizers were well pleased with the quality of the lectures and discussions as well as the possibilities for networking and consolidation. All involved parties expressed excitement for a 6th workshop in the following year.

Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Monika Schlachter has been reelected Vice-President of the European Committee of Social Rights.
The ministers committee of the Council of Europe voted Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Monika Schlachter for another two year term as Vice-President of the European Committee of Social Rights (ECSR). The job of the ECSR is the oversight of adherence to the European Social Charter. Monika Schlachter currently occupies the professorship for International and European labour law and civil law at the University of Trier and is director of the Institute for Labour Law and Industrial Relations in the European Union (IAAEU). She has been a member of the ECSR since 2006. >> Further Information





Prof. Dr. Laszlo Goerke (University of Trier / IAAEU) and Prof. Dr. Markus Pannenberg (University of Applied Sciences Bielefeld) have recieved the DBW Best Paper Award for 2012 for their work "Ist §1a KSchG ein Nullum? Eine Analyse der Veränderung in der Verteilung der Abfindungsfaktoren in Westdeutschland." The prize is given every year by the DBW / Business Administration Review (BARev) to honor special accomplishments in the field. The winners receive a certificate documenting their achievement as well as a year's subscription to the DBW journal. The publishers choose the best paper based on the following criteria: relevante, theoretical and conceptual foundation, methodology and innovation. The laudatory announcement can be found here.

Dr. Vanessa Mertins received the Best Paper Award from the NeuroPsychoEconomics Conference 2012 in Rotterdam. Her study "Can genotype predict player type?" (With J. Meyer and A. Schote) was chosen by a jury in a two stage process as the best in the "Social Neuroscience: Cooperation, Trust & Hormones" track and later was honored with the "Overall Best Paper Award". Congratulations!